Encephalartos tegulaneus over the hillside of Ol Olokwe table mountain, central Kenya
Cycads - the order Cycadales - dominated the Earth among plants in the second half of the Mesozoic era among 250 million and 60 million years ago. In contrast to dinosaurs, who disappeared abruptly towards the end of mesozoic era, the more tenacious cycads, though in a much reduced number of species, have survived to the present day. All cycads are gymnosperm dioecious plants. Cycads are divided into 4 families and at present they can be found in the wild mostly in tropical regions in Africa, the Comores, Madagascar and Mauritius, India, South East Asi and Australia, South, Central and North America and West Indies.
The plants are protected by difficult access to population.
It was recognised as a new species based on collection, photos and paintings by Joy Adamson, of "Born free" fame.
E. tegulaneus female cones
One year old seedling
A young plant, protected by its growth position among the boulders
E. transvenosus, sacred Mudjadli Forest, Limpopo, South Africa
Rock Python, the biggest snake of Africa, among E. transvenosus plants
E. transvenosus female cones
Encephalartos altensteinii, near to Port Alfred, Eastern Cape, South Africa
Encephalartos princeps on the Kei River banks, Eastern Cape, South Africa
Stangeria eriopus, Umtamvuna Nature Reserve, Kwazulu - Natal, South Africa.
Stangeria eriopus, Natal grass cycad, the only member of the Stangeriaceae family. The plant was originally described as a fern. However in 1951, a plant sent to Kew Gardens by dr. Stanger produced cones and revealed its true cycad character. It differs from other cycads by its peculiar appearance and biochemical composition, for example the absence of bioflavonoids in leaves.
Encephalartos ghellinckii, Drakensberg, Natal, South Africa. One of few cycad species surviving regular snow cover and frosts.
Cycas thouarsii with 240 cm stem diameter, Mauritius.
The distributin of this species outside Madagascar is caused by its floating seeds or by Arab trading in the past.
Lepidozamia peroffskyana, New South Walles, Australia
Cycas media with partly burnt stem caused by regular grass-fires in Queensland, Australia
Cycas media, procumbent charred stem regenerating by new crowns
Cycas media, mature seeds
Bowenia spectabilis, Queensland, Australia
Lepidozamia hopei, the world´s biggest cycad, Queensland, Australia
Halong Bay, Viet Nam
Cycad species, Halong Bay, Vietnam
Cycas bifida, Guanxi, China
Double - divided C. bifida leaflets
C. bifida, young leaf
Male cone, C. bifida
Inmature female cone, C. bifida
C. bifida mature seeds
Cycas debaoensis, Debao, China
Cycas micholitzii on a steep slope, Kon Tum, Vietnam
"Without doubt, Cycas micholitzii is one of the most distinctive and beautiful species of the genus. The nearly subterranean stem usually produces only one to three leaves, but beauty of these leaves is hard to imagine...." Loran M. Whitelock, The Cycads, p. 126.
C. micholitzii, male and inmature female cones
C. micholitzii female cone detail
C. micholitzii mature seeds
Rare C. micholitzii seedlings in culture
Cycas pectinata growing on a carstic wall above the Nam Song river, Vang Vieng, Laos
Cycas pectinata, a leaf.
Cycas Zeylanica, at present endemic to the Andaman and Nicobar Island - an old plant in Colombo Botanical Garden.
New bulb on trhe trunc
Encephalartos hildebrandtii - male cones
Multiple - devided trunc of an antient plant
In the undergrowth many small creatures find their refugy
The Greater Antilles - home of the famous Microcycas calocoma and the genus Zamia
Reddish young leaf color of some Zamia species in contrast with intensiv green of adult leaves
Ripening female cone, Zamia spec. Barracoa
Male cones, Zamia angustifolia
Ripe Zamia tenuifolia male cones, detai
Z. angustifolia female cone with ripening seeds
The Lesser Antilles - a richness of endemic flora including Zamia species